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HIV Prevention Education Resources


Abstinence education, refers to programs that promote abstinence-until-marriage as the expected standard of behavior. These programs provide students with information on building healthy relationships, the benefits of abstinence and the consequences of premarital sexual behavior.

Abstinence approach to sex education focuses on teaching young people that abstaining from sex until marriage is the best means of ensuring that they avoid infection with HIV, other sexually transmitted infections and unintended pregnancy. As well as seeing abstinence from sex as the best option for maintaining sexual health. Program characteristics include but are not limited to:

  • Focus on risk-elimination
  • Abstinence from sexual activity outside marriage is the expected standard for all school-age children
  • Abstinence from sexual activity is the only certain way to avoid out-of-wedlock pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, and other associated health problems
  • A mutually faithful, monogamous relationship in the context of marriage is the expected standard of sexual activity
  • Sexual activity outside the context of marriage is likely to have harmful psychological and physical effects
  • Bearing children out of wedlock is likely to have harmful consequences for the child, the child’s parents, and society
  • How to reject sexual advances and that alcohol and drug use increases vulnerability to sexual advances
  • The importance of attaining self-sufficiency before engaging in sexual activity

Abstinence - plus education describes programs that encourages abstinence but includes information on contraception, and resources available for safer sex practices.

In abstinence-plus sex education, although the main emphasis is on abstaining from sex as the preferred choice of protection, young people are also provided with information about contraception and disease prevention so that they can protect themselves when they do become sexually active. Abstinence-plus emphasizes that students should avoid unprotected intercourse, either by not having sex or (for students who choose to have sex) by using contraceptives. Program characteristics include but are not limited to:

  • Focus on risk-reduction.
  • Abstinence-plus programmes start from the premise that sexual abstinence is the best way to prevent infection.
  • Helps to enable safe and effective use of condoms, in addition to teaching condom skills.
  • Commonly teach about safer sex negotiation, communication with partners, and transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.
  • Include field activities that instruct students to locate places where they can explore, or get condoms, as a means to overcome condom embarrassment.
  • "ABC" message (abstinence, be faithful, use a condom

Sample Policies:

Abstinence Education Policy:

Curriculum Content:

  1. Have as its exclusive purpose teaching the social, psychological, and health gains to be realized by abstaining from sexual activity
  2. Teach abstinence from sexual activity outside marriage as the expected standard for all school-age children
  3. Teach that abstinence from sexual activity is the only certain way to avoid out-of-wedlock pregnancy, sexually transmitted diseases, and other associated health problems
  4. Teach that a mutually faithful, monogamous relationship in the context of marriage is the expected standard of sexual activity
  5. Teach that sexual activity outside the context of marriage is likely to have harmful psychological and physical effects
  6. Teach that bearing children out of wedlock is likely to have harmful consequences for the child, the child's parents, and society
  7. Teach young people how to reject sexual advances and how alcohol and drug use increases vulnerability to sexual advances
  8. Teach the importance of attaining self-sufficiency before engaging in sexual activity

Parental Approval: Parents and guardians shall have convenient opportunities to preview all HIV prevention curricula. If a parent or guardian submits a written request to a principal that a child not receive instruction in specific HIV prevention topics at school, the child shall be excused without penalty or stigma.

 

Comprehensive Sexual Health Policy

Requires that classes that provide instruction on human development and sexuality in grades seven through twelve shall include medically accurate, up-to-date information about all FDA-approved methods for: 1) reducing the risk of contracting STDs, and 2) preventing pregnancy. Classes that provide instruction on HIV/AIDS prevention shall include medically accurate, up-to-date information on methods to reduce the risk of HIV infection, including the effectiveness rates of condoms and other contraceptives.

Parental Approval: Parents and guardians shall have convenient opportunities to preview all HIV prevention curricula. If a parent or guardian submits a written request to a principal that a child not receive instruction in specific HIV prevention topics at school, the child shall be excused without penalty or stigma.

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